Botox Lawsuit Attorneys
Botox is the brand name for botulinum toxin type A, a naturally occurring, highly toxic protein that is injected into the skin – in very tiny doses – as a therapeutic or cosmetic procedure.
When Botox is used as a wrinkle cure, it works by blocking nerve impulses to certain muscles, causing them to relax and the facial lines they control to gradually disappear.
Botox is especially popular for attacking the glabellar lines, which are the vertical furrows between the brows that create looks of stress and anger. Botox also works on crow's feet, forehead wrinkles and neck folds. By relaxing the muscles that accentuate the age lines, Botox creates an illusion of a smoother and more youthful appearance.
Once Botox has been injected, it takes between 48 to 72 hours for the maximum effects to become apparent. The duration of a single Botox treatment can be as short as six weeks or as long as eight months, but most often Botox is effective between three to six months.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Botox for wrinkle treatment and a limited number of therapeutic conditions, such as involuntary or spasmodic tics, eye blinking (blepharospasm), uncontrollable shoulder muscle and neck contractions (cervical dystonia), crossed eyes (strabismus) and excessive underarm sweating (hyperhidrosis). Approval is pending in several European countries for the use of Botox in migraine headache treatment, prostate problems, asthma and obesity.
Learn About Who Can Sue For Botox Side Effects
Botox is manufactured by Allergan, Inc. and was first approved by the FDA in December 1989 for the treatment of muscle spasms in U.S. patients over 12 years old.
In April 2002, the FDA gave a nod to the aesthetic industry by approving botulinum toxin type A (Botox) for the temporarily improvement of frown lines between the eyes (glabellar lines).
Despite the rosy financial picture for those who sell and those who inject Botox, there are still a few wrinkles related to the toxin’s safety. According to a paper published in the Journal of American Academy of Dermatology (September, 2005), Botox caused 28 deaths between 1989 and 2003. Almost all of the deaths were attributable to its therapeutic use.
By 2007, Botox injections had become the number one cosmetic procedure in the U.S, with 4.6 million treatments. Sales of Botox in that same year exceeded $1.2 billion. The only approved cosmetic use for Botox is for the temporary smoothing of the vertical furrows between the eyebrows. Most of the cosmetic uses for Botox that now being performed on a routine basis are non-FDA approved.
On Jan. 24, 2008, the nonprofit consumer group Public Citizen petitioned the FDA to put a black box warning on Botox cautioning doctors and patients about Botox’s safety. It also requested regulatory action concerning the possible spread of Botox from the original site of injection to other parts of the body.
On Feb. 8, 2008, the FDA announced that Botox has "been linked in some cases to adverse reactions, including respiratory failure and death.” Among the listed adverse reactions are: paralysis of respiratory muscles, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and aspiration pneumonia.
Other less severe adverse effects include bruising, dry mouth, headaches, temporary muscle paralysis, drooping eyelids, an uneven smile, muscle weakness, slurred speech and allergy and flu-like symptoms. All these gradually wear off as Botox is absorbed into the body.
Allergan, the drug manufacturer, responded to the Public Citizen petition by claiming that the adverse side effects of Botox are rare. It also denied any fatalities associated with Botox cosmetic and blamed a 2004 fatality in which the patient had received Botox injection seven weeks prior to death, on the pneumonia which was contracted afterwards.
Public Citizen alleged that the U.S. manufacturer has reported 180 cases of people developing potentially life-threatening conditions after receiving injections of botulinum toxin type A (Botox), including 16 deaths.
Four of these deaths occurred in children under 18 years of age. Furthermore, Public Citizen said that between Nov. 1, 1997, and Dec. 31, 2006, there were 658 reported cases of people suffering adverse effects from Botox. Of these, 180 had aspirated fluid into their lungs and 87 required hospitalization.
If you or a loved one have experienced serious complications as a result of using Botox, you should consult with a drug effects attorney right away. A drug effects attorney or Botox Attorney can advise you on pursuing a lawsuit and get you the compensation you deserve for your harm.
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